We are living in a technology-driven, post-modern and highly-educated society. With the standards like these defined, who would think that Mental Disorders are still frowned upon when spoken in public and patients’ condition is ignored as “just a phase”, sometimes by their parents? Mental Disorders are real and they have proven enough – Robin Williams, Kurt Cobain, Chester Bennington, and many others. These are just the ones who were famous and successful when their mental disorders deceased them!
The origin of the current form Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) can be traced back to 1980s when methods of Aaron T. Beck, an American Professor, and a psychiatrist, was gaining popularity. By now, CBT has been a savior for many who accepted and, seek help.
To clearly understand Cognitive Behavioral Therapy(CBT), let’s start with the term – ‘Cognition’. Cognition is a term used for explaining the mental process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experiences, and senses. In simpler words, Cognition is the mental process developed over time through the events and experiences someone faces.
What is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy(CBT)?
In terms of medical science, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a combination of psychological and behavioral therapy which is more of “problem-focused and action-oriented” type. In simpler terms, CBT is a type of talk therapy in which the psychiatrist tries to understand the thought-process and eradicate the element which selectively processes information from experiences, absorbing negativity from it.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) was originally developed to help patients with depression. It was observed that patients with depression sucked on the negative aspect of any events or experiences. This observed pattern of “selective processing of information” was noted and psychiatrists worked on eradicating them.
How does Cognitive Behavioral Therapy work?
Before CBT, mental disorders like depression were treated by using just Behavioral therapy. It was considered that behaviors and feelings are independent of each other. It was in not until 1980s that behavioral therapy and cognitive techniques were integrated to form Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT).
The whole process of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) expands over a period of 5-6 months with weekly sessions of 50 mins each. These are similar to talk therapy expect that in these sessions, psychological patterns are also connected with behavioral changes. Several types of researches have shown that there is a pattern of thinking in mental patients that trigger certain behaviors. CBT introduces a set of principles while getting rid of these patterns, which could be used by the victim at any point in time.
Advantages of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Though Cognitive Behavioral Therapy was initially developed to cure patients with depression, it is now used to cure a range of mental disorders such as – anxiety, personality disorders, eating disorders, Schizophrenia, substance-abuse disorders – to name a few!
Mental disorders are more harmful and dangerous than any physical pain. The reasons for this are quite obvious. For example, someone suffering from depression might end up taking his own life owing to hopelessness, or a person having anxiety disorders might lose his/her right senses to react if they are around some trigger mediums, and such others.